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Geography of Bangladesh

Geography of Bangladesh

Location: Southern Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India
Geographic Coordinates: 24 00 N, 90 00 E
Map References: Asia
Area: total: 144,000 sq km -- land: 133,910 sq km; water: 10,090 sq km
Area Comparative: slightly smaller than Iowa
Land Boundaries: total: 4,246 km -- border countries: Burma 193 km, India 4,053 km
Coastline: 580 km
Maritime Claims: contiguous zone: 18 NM; territorial sea: 12 NM; continental shelf: up to the outer limits of the continental margin; exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
Climate: tropical; mild winter (October to March); hot, humid summer (March to June); humid, warm rainy monsoon (June to October)
Terrain: mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast
Elevation Extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m; highest point: Keokradong 1,230 m
Natural Resources: natural gas, arable land, timber, coal
Land Use: arable land: 60.7% permanent crops: 2.61% other: 36.69% (1998 est.)
Irrigated Land: 38,440 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural Hazards: droughts, cyclones; much of the country routinely inundated during the summer monsoon season

Environment (current issues): many people are landless and forced to live on and cultivate flood-prone land; water-borne diseases prevalent in surface water; water pollution, especially of fishing areas, results from the use of commercial pesticides; ground water contaminated by naturally occurring arsenic; intermittent water shortages because of falling water tables in the northern and central parts of the country; soil degradation and erosion; deforestation; severe overpopulation

Environment (international agreements): party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands. signed, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements

Geography Note: most of the country is situated on deltas of large rivers flowing from the Himalayas: the Ganges unites with the Jamuna (main channel of the Brahmaputra) and later joins the Meghna to eventually empty into the Bay of Bengal